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Emerging Technologies and Advanced Techniques for Waste Treatment and Energy Production pp. 20-31
Editors: Prof. Ramasamy Subbaiya
Dr. Sivasubramanian Manikandan (2022)
ISBN: 978-93-94174-07-8
Chapter 2
Advanced Biomass Conversion Strategies
S. R. Ratchnashree, S. Ashwini and M. Masilamani Selvam
Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Chennai - 600119, India
The increasing population uses and needs of the people there is a huge consumption and utilization of the petroleum-based fuel for energy supply. This enormous use had led to the pathway to depletion leading cause for global warming of the atmosphere. Now, it is appropriate time for the need for more use of renewable energy and to develop a sustainable environment. Solution for this is the use of biomass energy. United States has been the largest users of biomass from mid-1800's. Biomass is a renewable organic material that comes from plants and animals. It's still been an important fuel in many developed countries for everyday use. Promising, recognized solution for future energy and fuel. This chapter reviews on the present advanced conversion strategies for the biomass to valuable, useful liquid fuel to lower the use, dependency of conventional fuels and analyzing their environmental impact through lifecycle assessment. Strategies include pyrolysis, gasification, combustion, enzymatic hydrolysis routes and fermentation. Thermochemical processes classified on temperature bases low (< 300°C), high (>300 °C). In comparison between pyrolysis and gasification, pyrolysis is more efficient than gasification as it operates at lower temperature of 500°C compared to 800°C - 1300°C. Global energy demand is projected to rise by almost 28% by 2040 compared to current level of energy demands.
Biomass, Biofuels, Green energy, Sustainability, Conventional fuels
*Corresponding author; e-mail:
Cite this Chapter: Ratchnashree, S. R., S. Ashwini and M. Masilamani Selvam. 2022. Advanced Biomass Conversion Strategies. In: R. Subbaiya and S. Manikandan (Eds.), Emerging Technologies and Advanced Techniques for Waste Treatment and Energy Production. Excellent Publishers, India. pp. 20-31. doi:
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