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Emerging Technologies and Advanced Techniques for Waste Treatment and Energy Production pp. 63-78
Editors: Prof. Ramasamy Subbaiya
Dr. Sivasubramanian Manikandan (2022)
ISBN: 978-93-94174-07-8
Chapter 5
Microbial Nanotechnology for Bioremediation of Pollutants
Kalirajan Arunachalam1*, Vinod Kumar Nathan2, Ragunath Ravichandiran3, S. Rajeshkumar4, Ramasamy Subbaiya5, Lovleen Marwaha6, George Mukupa1, Abigail Mbozi1, Abigail Mboshi1, Munsaka Siankuku1 and Dany Banda1
1Department of Chemistry and Biology, School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Mulungushi University, Kabwe-80415, Zambia 2School of Chemical and Biotechnology, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur - 613 401, Tamil Nadu, India 3Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India 4Nano Biomedicine Lab, Department of Pharmacology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha University, SIMATS, Chennai-600077, Tamil Nadu, India 5Department of Biological Sciences, School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, The Copperbelt University, Riverside, Jambo Drive -21692, Kitwe, Zambia 6Department of Zoology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Punjab-144411, India
In recent years, environmental pollution is a global challenge which is due to industrialization, human activities and agriculture practices. Lot of pollutants that arise from the above practices pose a great risk to the environment and in the meantime elimination of pollutants from industrial effluents, soil and ground water and environment is expensive and a challenging task. To resolve the challenges of remediation process, nanotechnology process is used by industries to alleviate these pollutants through the production of eco-friendly nanoparticles and nanomaterial that are gaining attention in recent days due to its enhanced physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. Microbial synthesis of nanoparticles is a kind of approach in synthesis of nanoparticles which delivers an even greater boost to green biotechnology as an emerging field of nanotechnology for sustainable production and cost reduction. This chapter discuss microbial synthesis of nanoparticles and nanomaterial and various aspects of bioremediation of pollutants that come from industrial effluents, soil and ground water, environment through microbial nanotechnology approach and also offer an understanding into the advantages of using microbial nanotechnology over the conventional practices in these areas.
Pollutants, Industrial effluents, Heavy metals, Bioremediation, Nanotechnology
*Corresponding author; e-mail:
Cite this Chapter: Kalirajan Arunachalam, Vinod Kumar Nathan, Ragunath Ravichandiran, S. Rajeshkumar, Ramasamy Subbaiya, Lovleen Marwaha, George Mukupa, Abigail Mbozi, Abigail Mboshi, Munsaka Siankuku and Dany Banda. 2022. Microbial Nanotechnology for Bioremediation of Pollutants. In: R. Subbaiya and S. Manikandan (Eds.), Emerging Technologies and Advanced Techniques for Waste Treatment and Energy Production. Excellent Publishers, India. pp. 63-78.. doi:
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